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The arrival of phones and TVs in Ghana can be traced back to the late 19th century when the country was still under colonial rule. However, it was not until the 1950s and 1960s that these technologies began to gain widespread popularity and accessibility among the general population.
The first telephones in Ghana were installed in the capital city of Accra in 1883 by the British colonial government. These were mainly used for official and military purposes and were not available to the general public. It was not until 1896 that the first telephone exchange was established in Accra, allowing for intercity communication. However, the use of telephones remained limited to the elite and government officials.
In the early 1900s, telephones began to spread to other major cities such as Kumasi, Cape Coast, and Sekondi-Takoradi. By the 1920s, telegraph lines had been installed to connect these cities, further expanding communication within the country. Despite these advancements, telephones were still considered a luxury item and were only accessible to a small portion of the population.
It was not until after Ghana gained independence from British rule in 1957 that the use of telephones began to increase significantly. The newly formed government saw the importance of modernizing communication infrastructure and invested in expanding telephone networks throughout the country. In 1960, the Ghana Post and Telecommunications Corporation (GPTC) was established to oversee the development and management of telecommunications in the country.
The introduction of television in Ghana followed a similar timeline. In 1964, the first television station, GTV (Ghana Television), was launched in Accra. Initially, it only broadcasted for a few hours a day and was only available in major cities. However, with the expansion of television networks and the introduction of satellite technology in the 1990s, television became more accessible to the general population.
The widespread availability and affordability of phones and TVs in Ghana can be attributed to the liberalization of the telecommunications sector in the 1990s. This led to the entry of private companies, increasing competition and driving down prices. The introduction of mobile phones in the early 2000s also revolutionized communication in Ghana, making it more accessible to people in rural areas.
In conclusion, the arrival of phones and TVs in Ghana can be traced back to the late 19th century, but it was not until the 1950s and 1960s that these technologies became widely available to the general population. With advancements in technology and the liberalization of the telecommunications sector, phones and TVs have become an integral part of daily life in Ghana.
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